W h i t e**P a p e r s

About Dream - carbon fiber structures for space, carbon fiber space structures, cyanate ester, space qualified carbon fiber

  Click on the graphic to the left to read the Q&A article about Dream's athermal carbon fiber structures. It highlights the reason Dream was founded in 2003, information about carbon fiber, resin, vacuum bagging, durability, CTE, etc.

Click on the graphic to the right to read the Q&A article about Dream's zeroDELTA lightweight mirrors. This article discusses numerous aspects regarding lightweight, "ribbed" mirrors; definition of, materials used, benefits, processing, etc.

 

Optics Related White Papers -

'imaka is a GLAO (Ground Layer AO) project using three zeroDELTA™ mirrors and Dream's carbon fiber mirror mounts; two 400mm mirrors (f1.376 concave and plano) & a 227mm f2.27 concave. The assembly is mounted on a 2.2m telescope, with a 2nd paper here.


  Click on the graphic to the left to read the nationally published article about one of Dream's extremely lightweight mirrors. The 16" f1.376 engineered mirror is used for a cutting-edge Adaptive Optics project. The mirror face and features were roughly 3mm, yet Dream was able to process this mirror in-house with very low Mid-Spatial Frequency (MSF) errors, using conventional equipment, tools and materials, further validating Dream's extensive up-front engineering of lightweight mirrors (since 2003) and expertise in processing lightweight mirrors.


Click the graphic to the right to see an article about performance robbing thermals and why they are a centuries-old problem for all mirror materials.

Go here to gain access to videos showing the boundary layer.

 


Click on the graphic above to read the article about off-axis performance of paraboloidal mirrors.
  This article highlights the reason it is impossible for an optician to "polish out" certain errors in paraboloidal mirrors, as well as the reason why correctors are needed for larger fields, faster f-ratios, etc.


Angular Resolution Article: Discusses the real limit set forth by optical physics as it relates to the resolution of mirrors. It also briefly discusses the diffraction-limit, aspect ratio & mirror stiffness, departure from sphere, and the human factor that is ever present in all things optics.


Aspect Ratio & Mirror Stiffness Article: Discusses the realities of the traditional 6:1 aspect ratio as it relates to stiffness with ever larger diameter mirrors, as well as the difficulties of supporting lower stiffness mirrors.

Using NASA LRO Moon Images to Quantify Resolution of a Telescope: A simple method for quantifying the resolution achieved by a astronomical or similar telescope. Watch the effects of atmospheric seeing here.

The Realities of Star Testing a Telescope: Discusses the critical fundamentals for more accurate star testing of a telescope system, providing detailed examples illustrating why key fundamentals are so vital.

Optical and/or Optical Testing Articles - not authored by Dream

Subaperture Stitching Interferometry Enhances Advanced Freeform Optics: Discusses the definition of freeform optics, the difficulties of testing them and the differences between Computer-Generated Hologram (CGH) testing them versus using subaperture stitching interferometry.


High-precision optics enable LIGO's new view of the Universe: Discusses some optical aspects of LIGO, arguable the world's most precise interferometer(s), which first detected gravitation waves in 2016. "At the heart of the discovery lies fused silica optics with figure quality and surface smoothness refined to enable measurement of these incredibly small perturbations. LIGO went through extensive testing of First Contact, which is now their optical surface cleaning method of choice.


Center of curvature test of James Webb Space Telescope (JWST): Discusses center of curvature testing of 18-segment primary mirror of JWST using dynamic interferometry. Each hexagonal primary mirror segment is made from beryllium.

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